The exact origins of the paper cup seem to be unknown. Who first thought of
making a disposable beverage holder out of paper may never be known. What is
known is that around the beginning of the 1900s, paper cups gained popularity
when people began to realize that sharing the same tin or ladle, out of
water barrels also meant sharing germs.
In 1907, a man named Lawrence Luellen developed what later became known as the Dixie Cup to help improve public hygiene. He worked for the American Water Supply Company, who's founder was Hugh Moore, he developed a water-vending machine with disposable cups and began to educate the public on the harms of sharing drinking glasses. The company changed it's name to Individual Drinking Cup Company of New York. The paper cups were called "Health Kup" but later with the permission of the Dixie Doll Company they were renamed Dixie Cups. During the great American flu epidemic of 1918 paper cups rapidly grew in popularity as away of avoiding infection.
Dixie Cups - further info
In the century since, the paper cup has evolved from simply a health solution to an everyday convenience object. Each day, millions of paper cups are used so that people can take their sodas, coffees and other beverages on the run. They are also used at social gatherings for ease of clean up when the gathering ends. Instead of having a multitude of glasses and mugs to clean at the end of an event, paper cups can simply be gathered up and recycled.
Types of Paper Cups
Cold Cups are made to handle cold beverages only. They often have a waxy coating inside to keep the paper from becoming wet and collapsing from the absorption of liquid. Cold paper cups also come in several sizes and designs. Paper cups come in sizes from the tiny Dixie Cups to large 20 or 24 ounce big cups. They also come in a variety of designs, including those for children's themed birthday parties, those bearing restaurant or store logos, and everyday designs such as flowers. The variety of designs on paper cups is endless.
Hot paper cups are paper cups designed to hold hot beverages such as coffee, tea, or hot chocolate. They are specially made to withstand the heat that cold cups cannot. Hot cups can be insulated to help keep beverages warm. Like cold cups, they come in a variety of sizes and designs. A recent development for hot cups has been the hot paper cup sleeve. This sleeve is slid onto the cup to help prevent fingers from getting burned by the heat of the beverage.
History of Paper Cups
1910 Individual Drinking Cup Company of Ne York was incorporated by Hugh moore
1919 The Health Kup was renamed Dixie Cup
1930ís The Gee Manufacturing Company which was known as Geemanco started manufacturing paper cups.
1936 - Leo J. Hulseman established the Paper Container Manufacturing Company in Chicago
1940 - Paper Container Manufacturing Company began manufacturing a paper cone cup known as the Solo Cup, for which the company was renamed.
1950s - Solo introduced a two-piece wax-lined cold cup used for serving cold
1955 - Geemanco taken over by E.S. and A. Robinson (Holdings) Ltd
1957 - Robinsons set up new company Lily Cups and Containers (England) Ltd
Lily cups enter into licence agreement with Lily- Tulip Cup Corporation of America
1972 - Lily Cups and Containers (England) Ltd changes name to DRG Cups Ltd (DRG is Dickenson Robinson Group)
Late 1970's - Polarcup of Finland ( Huhtamaki) established a wholesale operation in UK with Key Catering Disposables acting as warehouse and distributor.
1980 - Benders enters Cup production (Benders were a major manufacturer of paper tableware)
1983 - Dickenson Robinson Group of Bristol decides to close all production at DRG Cups Liverpool, as cost base was to high to maintain competitive position. Paper cup machines (PMC) were sold to Polarcup Finland
1983 - to protect General Foods account, with UK production, Polarcup established a factory at Devizes, Wiltshire, using some of the PMC machines purchased from DRG. The agreement with Key catering was ended.
1984 - DRG machines purchased by Polarcup a Finnish company (Huhtamaki) UK production set up at Devizes, Wiltshire, England
1990's - Seda starts UK production of paper cups
1995 - Cross Paper Ware sold to Duni, and ceases production of paper cups
1992 - Polarcup purchased Sweetheart Europe, and merged both operations into Sweethearts factory at Gosport Hampshire
2001 - Solo purchases Insulpak and sets up UK manufacture of Solo paper cups on the Insulpak site at Huntingdon
2004 - Solo Purchase Sweetheart (USA)
2005 The Paper Cup Company was formed in the UK
2006 Wax paper cups discontinued in the UK and replaced with (PE) Polyethylene Coated cups
2008 Polarcup changes name to Huhtamaki
2011 Solo closes plant at Springfield
2012 Solo is bought by Dart Containers
2012 The Printed Cup Company start manufacturing branded paper cups in the UK
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